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Permaculture was founded by Australians Bill Mollison & David Holgren in the 1970's. The word "permaculture" came from combining "permanent agriculture" to represent a form agriculture that reflects a forest or a natural ecosystem that self-sustains without intervention.

Permaculure has evolved to now be interpreted as "permanant culture" as permaculture can be applied to all areas of life.

It is a holistic design system that integrates people, their emotional health, their homes, relationships, communuties, gardens, as being part of nature, not seperate or superior to.

It is a way to thrive on Earth, with Earth.

Permaculture follows 3 ethics & 12 principles.

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The 3 ethics are the foundation of permaculture. They are a straightforward guide that add meaning to the choices we make and the impact we create.

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  1. Earth Care: The Earth is a living organism & permaculture teaches us to value & respect it. As indivuduals & communties we learn responsibility by putting Earth first. We nurture the garden & tend to the wildness, the creatures, the plants, the soil, the water etc. Through Earth Care everyone benifits & we can become proud of the contribution we make to the planet - rather then what we take from the planet.

  2. People Care: To nurture ourselves & eachother. To sustainably meet our needs spiritually, emotionally, physically & intellectually in lasting ways. To value & support diversity & to create groups that foster creativity, resourcefuless, resilience & love.

  3. Future Care: To be a good ancestor. To live in balance w/ nature, w/ natural limits & to not consume more then what we can give back. We must share Earth's abundance with Earth, eachother & future generations. To replenish the well - is to give back & share the surplus.


The principles were redefined by David Holgren in 2002. Creating a set of 12 to act as a fundamental design guide. If the 3 ethics are the foundation, the principles show us how to build it. The principles are not separate. They overlap & interact as needed always showing us that nature is our teacher on how we live & grow our food.

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1. Observe & Interact: Observing gives you your own perspective & prepares you to take inspired action.

2. Catch & Store Energy: Energy is all around us. From natural resources to creative projects, to our relationships. Fill up.

3. Obtain a Yield: Say yes to life & the abundance in all things. Joy, knowledge, laughter, love, pets, creativity, food, etc.

4. Apply Self-Regulation & Accept Feedback: Have your listening ears on when relating to nature, self or others. Be open to feedback, adjustments & refinement.

5. Use & Value Renewable Resources: True weatlh resides in the soil, sun, wind & water.

6. Produce No Waste: wastes are resources. Repurpose, re-use & rethink.

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7. Design from the Patterns to the Details: Zoom out to see the larger picture & zoom in to see the structure that holds it together.

8. Integrate rather then Segregate: Create & nurture benificial relationships in your life & gardens.

9. Use Small & Slow Sollutions: Small steps transform a vision into reality.

10. Use & Value Diversity: Diversity creates resiliency. Monoculture creates fragility.

11. Use & Value Edges & the Marginal: The crossroads between 2 ecosystems are the most creative & prodcutive. Look here for innovative solutions that serve the whole.

12. Creatively Use & Respond to Change: Be adaptable, study & build skills to adjust to new situations.

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